Do your legs feel heavy when you run? This can be a sign that something is wrong, or that you need to make some adjustments to your routine.
In this blog post, we will discuss the reasons why your legs might feel heavy, and how you can address the issue. We will also provide some tips for helping you feel lighter on your feet when running.
12 Reasons Why Your Legs Feel Heavy When Running
When your legs feel heavy while running, it can feel like you stepped into some wet concrete and that you can barely get one foot in front of the other. This is not a fun feeling and can make running pretty miserable. What can you do?
Keep these 12 different reasons in mind and try to make adjustments. With time and perseverance, you should notice an improvement.
#1 Are You Getting Enough Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are essential for runners. They are responsible for providing the energy that our muscles need to function properly. When we don’t consume enough carbohydrates, particularly with longer endurance-based runs, our bodies have to start to break down muscle tissue for energy- which can lead to leg fatigue and heavy legs.
Make sure you are consuming enough carbs by eating a balanced diet and including complex carbohydrates at each meal, such as whole grains and fruit. You might also want to consider using a carbohydrate-based sports drink or gel during long runs to help keep your energy levels up.
#2 Are You Nourishing Your Body with Enough Nutrients?
In addition to carbohydrates, our bodies need many other nutrients to function properly, including protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals.
If you are not eating a balanced diet or if you are not getting enough of certain nutrients, it can lead to leg fatigue and heavy legs. Make sure you are eating a variety of healthy foods and that you are taking a multivitamin if you feel you might not be getting enough nutrients from your diet.
In general, shoot for a rainbow of colorful products each day. Plus, eat a balance of carbs, protein, and healthy fats with each meal (and snack).
#3 Are You Getting Enough Iron?
Iron is a particularly important nutrient for runners because it helps to transport oxygen to our muscles. If you are low in iron, you might experience leg fatigue and heaviness in the legs- plus general fatigue, dizziness, feeling cold, and beyond.
To increase your iron intake, eat more foods that are high in iron, such as red meat, dark leafy greens, beans, and iron-fortified cereals. You might also want to talk to your doctor about taking an iron supplement if you feel you are not getting enough from your diet or having trouble absorbing it.
If you think you might be low in iron, it is important to see a doctor and get a blood test.
#4 Are you drinking enough water?
Dehydration can cause leg fatigue and make your legs feel heavy and cramped. Try to drink at least eight ounces of water a little while before you head out for a run. Then, drink water or a healthy sports drink throughout your run to stay hydrated.
Other signs of dehydration include dark yellow urine, feeling thirsty, headache, and dizziness.
Dehydration can also make you feel tired, so make sure you are drinking enough water throughout the day, not just during your run. Sip throughout the day to ensure you keep your body well hydrated.
#5 Have You Been Strength Training?
If you have been strength training, your legs may be feeling heavy because they are sore from your workouts. This is especially true if you have increased the intensity or frequency of your workouts recently.
Try to take a day or two off from strength training each week to give your muscles a chance to recover. You might also want to focus on exercises that target different muscle groups on different days to give each group a chance to recover before you work them again.
If your legs are still feeling sore after a few days of rest, you can try using a foam roller or massage ball to help relieve the soreness as well.
#6 Are You Taking Care of Your Body Pre and Post-Run?
Warm up and cool down properly before and after your runs, and stretch regularly to help keep your muscles loose. If you don’t take care of your body with these steps, particularly after a long run, you are more likely to experience leg fatigue and heavy legs.
A proper warm-up before your run will help get the blood flowing to your muscles and prepare them for the workout ahead. Try dynamic stretches such as lunges, high knees, and butt kicks.
After your run, cool down with a light jog or walk and static stretches such as hamstring pulls, quadriceps stretches, and calf raises. Regular stretching will help keep your muscles loose and prevent them from becoming tight and sore.
#7 Are You Getting Enough Sleep?
Sleep is important for recovery, and if you are not getting enough sleep, your legs may be feeling heavy because they are tired. Aim for seven to nine hours of sleep each night. Plus, try to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day to help regulate your body’s natural sleep cycle.
If you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, try some relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation. You might also want to avoid caffeine and screens before bedtime.
Sleep is one of the most overlooked but easiest ways to boost your running performance.
#8 Are You Giving Your Body Time to Recover?
Aside from sleep, you also need to give your body time to recover from your runs. This means taking one or two days off from running each week and cross-training on your non-running days (or taking a full day of true rest).
Cross-training is important because it helps to improve your aerobic fitness and overall leg strength, which can help prevent leg fatigue.
#9 Are You Wearing the Right Shoes?
Wearing the wrong shoes can cause leg fatigue and make your legs feel heavy. Make sure you are wearing shoes that are appropriate for your foot type and running style. If you like your shoes but they need to be tweaked, you might benefit from orthotics instead- custom or over the counter
If you have flat feet, you will need a different type of shoe than someone with high arches. If you over-pronate (your feet roll inward excessively when you run), you might need a stability shoe. If you under-pronate (your feet roll outward when you run), you might need a neutral shoe.
Talk to an expert at a shoe store or review these shoe guides for ideas. For the best results, talk to a medical professional such as a podiatrist, orthotist, or physical therapist.
#10 Are Your Legs Getting Enough Blood Circulation?
If your legs are not getting enough blood circulation, they may feel heavy and tired. Some things that can cause poor circulation include sitting for long periods, smoking, and diabetes.
If you have poor circulation, try to get up and move around every 30 minutes or so to get the blood flowing. You can also try wearing compression socks to help improve circulation.
Exercise is also a great way to improve circulation. Regular aerobic exercise will help to open up the blood vessels and improve circulation throughout the body, including in the legs. If you’re new to exercise or running, make sure you are gradually increasing the intensity to give your legs time to adjust and get adequate blood flow.
#11 Are You Running with Good Form?
If you are not running with good form, it can lead to leg fatigue and make your feet feel heavy. Make sure you are using proper running mechanics- such as keeping your head up, shoulders down, core tight, and striking the ground with as little impact as possible- often referred to as being “light on your feet.”
You might also want to try focusing on a point in front of you to help keep your head up and prevent hunching over. Good running form will help you run more efficiently and can also help to prevent injuries.
Other running variables to consider and experiment with for optimal energy use include stride length, cadence (step speed), and step width (how far apart your heels are).
If you’d like some guidance, talk to a running coach or physical therapist for personalized recommendations.
#12 Did You Gain Any Weight Recently?
If you have gained weight recently, it can make your legs feel much heavier when you run. The extra weight puts additional stress on your joints and muscles, which can lead to fatigue.
If you have gained weight, focus on gradually losing the excess pounds by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Losing just a few pounds can make a big difference in how your legs feel when you run and boost your overall health.
How to Run With More Energy
Each of the 12 issues listed above ultimately comes down to a breakdown in how the body, particularly the legs, utilizes energy. So how do you boost your body’s energy levels to feel lighter on your feet? Although they should be rather obvious now, let’s do a quick review:
- Eat enough carbs
- Eat a nutrient-dense diet
- Avoid processed foods
- Eat iron-rich foods
- Adjust your training schedule for adequate rest
- Cross-train a few days a week
- Gradually increase your running and workout intensity
- Warm up properly before running
- Cool-down after running
- Stretch regularly
- Wear proper shoes
- Manage any chronic disease
- Avoid or quit smoking
- Run with better form
- Get enough sleep
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Drink enough water each day
To get started, it’s best to choose one or two options that you think will have the most impact. Then, you can gradually introduce more concepts. This will reduce any feelings of overwhelm and set you up for success.
Heavy Legs Aren’t Always a Bad Thing
With all this talk about preventing heavy legs, it’s important to note that it’s not always a bad thing. This is because feeling fatigued after a run demonstrates that you are pushing yourself. It’s important to note the difference between heavy legs from a good hard workout and chronically heavy legs that are affecting your performance.
Ultimately, only you will be able to tell the difference by paying close attention to your symptoms and learning to adjust your workouts as needed. For example, some weeks you may need more rest and recovery than others depending on what else is going on in your life.
Why Do My Legs Feel Heavy When I Run? –Stop Running with Heavy Legs
Running with legs that feel heavy is a total drag, literally. Most runners love running the most when they get in a rhythm that makes them feel light and free- not weighed down. You can get there too with the right habits in place.
Overall, there are many reasons why your legs might feel heavy when you run. By addressing each of these potential causes, you can find relief and start running with ease again. Remember to pay attention to your body and listen to what it is telling you- this is the best way to prevent injuries and optimize your running performance.
If you are struggling to find relief or identify the root cause of your leg fatigue, it’s best to consult with a medical professional or running coach who can help you troubleshoot. They may be able to give you additional insight or recommendations for treatment.
In the meantime, keep moving, and don’t give up on your running goals! With a little time and effort, you’ll be back to feeling light on your feet again in no time.